Докладчик: И.Чилингарян (ГАИШ МГУ)
Название доклада: “Происхождение и эволюция карликовых эллиптических галактик”
Краткое содержание доклада:
This thesis presents observational studies of evolution of dwarf elliptical galaxies. dE’s are numerically dominant population in clusters of galaxies, but their origin and evolution is a matter of debate. Several scenarios of gas removal from dE’s exist: galactic winds, ram pressure stripping, gravitaional harassment. We present new method to estimate stellar population parameters and internal kinematics, based on fitting observed spectra in the pixel space by PEGASE.HR synthetic populations. We apply this technique to 3D-spectroscopic observations of dE galaxies in the Virgo cluster and nearby groups and multiobject spectroscopy of several dozens of dE’s in the Abell 496 cluster. We present discovery of young nuclei in bright dE galaxies in the Virgo cluster. Based on the analysis of observational data we conclude that: (1) there is an evolutionary connection between dE’s and dIrr’s, (2) the most probable scenario of gas removal is ram pressure stripping by the intergalactic medium.